It is quite a thrill when you think of visiting a new country and experiencing different cultures. There is, however, a serious side to travelling. The reason behind this is that you might come into contact with diseases that you may never have come across or heard of in your own country. That is why travel vaccines are lifesavers for you.
For these reasons, travel jabs become a stressful thought for travellers. The kind of booster jab you will receive before you travel is determined by the season in which you will be travelling and the geographical location of the place you will be visiting. The following is a discussion of a few of the diseases that are of concern for when you consider taking a travel jab.
One such disease common in tropical surroundings, is Japanese Encephalitis which is spread by mosquitoes carrying the virus. The symptoms are usually mild but it can end up causing swelling in the brain. Vaccination should be administered in 3 doses, 30 days before departure. The countries affected include; South East Asia, The Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Malaria is a disease that is common in tropical regions and is spread by Anopheles mosquito bites. Symptoms show up after 10 days to 2 weeks of infection they include chills, fever, muscle-aches.nausea, vomiting and general malaise. A preventive anti-malarial regiment should be administred to travellers 3 weeks before tarvelling and taken for 4 weeks more after return. The regions that have this travel requirement include; Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
Typhoid fever is a concern for people travelling abroad. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. It can be fatal. The travel inoculation is given one month before departure. Additionally, you should take care when eating food, eg eat fruits you have washed and peeled for yourself, water -take boiled or treated clean tapped or bottle sealed water. The culprit regions include: Africa,Asia, Middle East, Central and South America.
Yellow fever is another serious disease. It is a disease that is only found in tropical South America and in Sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is contracted through bites from mosquitoes that are infected with the virus. Vomiting, jaundice, headache, fever, and bleeding are among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease. This disease is fatal. Actually, in some countries especially those in East Africa one is required to have a certificate of immunization before entry. The travel inoculation for yellow fever is administered 10 days before departure and lasts as long as 10 years.
Travellers should visit a travel medical clinic near them so that they can prepare themselves adequately for a successful and enjoyable safe trip.